.2.7-43-96
   
 ==========================================================
  
  ʲ
  
  
  
  1997
   .2.7-43-96
 
 1 
 -    (IJ)
  
 2 
   ,  
     
      
 3    Ҳ
      
    N 157  2.09.96 .
 4  
 3      
    Ҡ 26633-91
         -
 ,     
  
   .2.7-43-96
 
 .
1  .......................................... 1
2  ......................................... 2
3  .............................................. 5
 3.1    ....................................... 5
 3.2     .............................. 6
 3.3   ' ............................ 7
 3.4   ................................... 7
4       .......... 10
5  ........................................... 10
6  ............................................. 11
 
        
     ........................................ 12
 
        
  .................................................... 15
 
      ,
      ............... 16
   .2.7-43-96
 ɠ Ҡ 
 ===========================================================
  
  
  
  
  
  
 uldg mteials
 vy weight concretes
 Sftions
-------------------------------------------------------------------
   1997-01-01
 -----------
 1  
    ࠠ  고 
  ( - )    ,
     .
        
 䳠  ,  ࠠ 
        ,
   (    - ).
        
  -    -
 ,     .
  3.., 3.1.4, 3.1.5, 3.1.6, 3.2.1, 3.2.3, 3.2.4,
3.3.1, 3.3.2, 3.3.3, 3.3.4, 3.4.1, 3.4.2, 3.4.3, 3.4.5, 3.4.6,
3.4.7, 3.4.8, 3.4.9, 3.4.10, 3.4.11, 3.4.12, 3.4.14, 3.6, 3.7,
 4,      '.
-------------------------------------------------------------
  
 - 2 -
   .2.7-43-96
 2  
        :
 12.1.005-88 | .  -
 |     .
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 12.1.014-84 | .   .  
 |    
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 12.2.003-91 | .  . 
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 12.3.002-75 | .  . 
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 12.4.013-85 Š | .  .  
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------------------------------------------------------------------
 12.4-041-89 | .   
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------------------------------------------------------------------
 12.4.103-83 | .   ,
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 7473-85 |  .  
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 8267-82 |      -
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 8268-82 |    .
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 8269-87 |    ,  
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 8735-88 |    . 
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 10060-87 | .   
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 10178-85 |   
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 10180-90 | .    
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 10181.0-81 |  .    
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 10181.2-81 |  .  
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 - 3 -
   .2.7-43-96
 10181.3-81 |  .  
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 10181.4-81 |  .  
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 10260-82 |     
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 12730.1-78 | .   
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 12730.2-78 | .   
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 12730.3-78 | .   .
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 12730.4-78 | .   
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 12730.5-84 | .   -
 | 
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 13087-81 | .   
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 17624*87 | .   
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 22236-85 | .  
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 22266-76 |  . 
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 22690-88 | .   -
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 22783-77 | .   
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 23254-78 |      
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 23464-79 | . 
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 23732-79 |     .
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 23845-86 |     
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 24211-91 |   .  
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 24316-80 | .   
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 - 4 -
   .2.7-43-96
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 24544-81 | .    
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 24545-81 | .    
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 25192-82 | .    
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 25592-91 |    -
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 25818-91 | -   
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 26134-84 | .   
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 26193-84 |     
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 26644-85 |      
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 27006-86 | .   
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 28570-90 | .    
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 2.03.11-85 |    
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 356-91 |     
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  5024-83 |  . 
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 - 5 -
   .2.7-43-96
 3893-78 |   
 | 
----------------------------------------------------------------
 |     
 | . , . 1979.
----------------------------------------------------------------
 |     -
 |    
 |    
 |   . 1988.
 3  
 3.1   
 3.1.1        
25192     3893.
 3.1.2     :
 -  ;
 -   ;
 -    ;
 -     ;
 - ;
 - .
 3.1.3        
2200  2500 /3 ,  -  1800 /3.
 3.1.4 ̳      -
      .
     :
 )    : 3,5; 5; 7,5; 10; 12,5; 15;
20; 25; ; 35; 40; 45; 50; 55; 60; 65; 70; 75; 80.
 )     : t0,4; t0,8; t1,2; t1,6;
t2,0; t2,4; t2,8; t3,2; t,6; t4,0.
 )      : t0,4; t0,8; t1,2;
t1,6; t2,0; t2,4; t2,8; t3,2; t3,6; t4,0; t4,4;
t4,8; t5,2; t5,6; t,6,; t6,4; t6,8; t7,2;
t8,0.
         
,        
  13,5 %    .
 3.1.5  , 고    
   ,  고 
  : F50; F75; F; F150; F200; F; F400;
F500; F600; F800; F1000.
 3.1.6  ,      -
   .    
: W2; W4; W6; W8; W10; W12; W14; W16; W18; W20.
 3.1.7   ,  ࠠ  
      -
          
    .
 3.1.8    , 고  
3.1.1-3.1.7,      
 - 6 -
   .2.7-43-96
,       . -
    ,     
   28 .
 3.2    
 3.2.1       
   ,   
   ,  .   -
        7473.
 3.2.2 ϳ    ࠠ Ҡ 27006,
"     "   
.
      ' -
        
      .
 3.2.3        -
       
    0,50,     
 -   0,60.
 3.2.4 ̳     10178  Ҡ 22266
     1     -
    .
 1
-------------------------------------------------------------------
| | |    i, /3 |
| | |------------------------------------|
| | 蠠 | -, | -20, | , |
|  | i | -5, | -20 | , |
| | | - | | ֠ |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| | - |   |
| |  | |
| |---------------------------------------------------|
| | - | | | |
| |󠠠 | 150 | 170 | 170 |
| | | | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| | - | | | |
| 砠 |  | 150 | 170 | 180 |
| |---------------------------------------------------|
| | - | | | |
| | Ⳡ | 200 | 220 | 240 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| | - | | | |
| 砠 |  | 220 | 240 | 270 |
| |---------------------------------------------------|
| | - | | | |
| | Ⳡ | 240 | 270 | 300 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1.      - |
|        - |
|       |
|   . |
-------------------------------------------------------------------
 - 7 -
   .2.7-43-96
  1 ()
-------------------------------------------------------------------
| 2. ̳     - |
|        |
|      . |
| |
| 3. ̳    , 고 - |
|   ,    |
|  2.03.11. |
| |
| 4.  : -  , |
|-5 -    5%, -20 - |
|   20 %,  - , |
|-20 -      20%, |
| -,  -  - |
|,  -  . |
-------------------------------------------------------------------
 3.3   ' 
 3.3.1  '    
  ࠠ Ҡ 10178, 고 
    22266,    5024  
         -
      .
 3.3.2         
      Ҡ 23464,
 㳺 ,    
,   ,    
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 3.3.3  ,    , 
        
  22236.      
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 3.3.4      ,  
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      Ҡ 10178.
       -
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       ,
    ,   
      , 
   24211.
   ' () ,  , 
      㳿 -
,     ,   
      .
 3.4   
 3.4.1       -
       8267,    
 10260,   ,   ,  
 - 8 -
   .2.7-43-96
    23254,   
8268,         26644.
 3.4.2       -
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3.4.1,         
        -
       
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 3.4.3         -
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   2000  2800 /3.
 3.4.4    蠠 
   .   
        
  .
 3.4.5        
      2
  2
-------------------------------------------------------------------
| |     , % |
| |------------------------------------------------------|
|-| 5(3)  |  10 | 20 | 40 |  80 |
|, 젠 | 10 젠 |  20  | 40  | 80  | 120  |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 10 | 100 | - | - | - | - |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 20 | 25-40 | 60-76 | - | - | - |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 40 | 12-25 | 20-35 | 40-65 | - | - |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 80 | 10-20 | 15-25 | 20-35 | 35-55 | - |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 120 | 5-10 | 10-20 | 15-25 | 20-30 | 30-40 |
-------------------------------------------------------------------
 3.4.6         -
   ,       ⳿  -
      1 %  .
         
       25   - 2 %
 ;  20   - 3 %  .    
   0,25 %.
 3.4.7    ()    
     35 %  .
 3.4.8        
  :
 300 -    15  ;
 400 - " " " 20;
 800 - " "  25, ;
 1000 - " "  40;
 1200 - " " " 45  .
 - 9 -
   .2.7-43-96
          
 :
 16 -   20  ;
 12 - " " " 25;
 8 - " " "   .
 3.4.9         
  , %  :
 5 -    40  ;
 10 - " " " 20, 25  ;
 15 - " " " 15  .
      ⳿      -
  10 %      .
 3.4.10       -
 ,       ,
 ,   ,     
  1,5  3,25, 고   Ӡ 
.2.7-32,       25818  Ҡ 25592.
 3.4.11       
,     , 
, -㳺 .   -
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 ), ,    
        (  
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2000  2800 /3 .
 3.4.12         -
        1,0  1,5 
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    3%     3.4.2.
 3.4.13        
     .
      , 고  
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 -    ,   
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    2 %   -  
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 -    10 %,    - 15 %  ';
 -  ,  ࠠ ), 고 
  ,      - 0,1 %
       0,15 %   - 
  ;
 -    - 0,25 %  ;
 -  - 1 %  .
 3.4.14      ,  -
    ,    .
 - 10 -
   .2.7-43-96
 3.5      ⠠ 
     -
-,     , 고 
  25592,  25818,  26644.
 3.6     F200  ,   -
    F1      -
 ,      '-
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 3.7       
      Ҡ 23732.
 4      
 4.1      
 12.3.002.
 4.2      
12.2.003.
 4.3       
          
    "   -
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    ,  ̳ 
' , 1984 .
 4.4  쳠    
      Ҡ 12.1.005.
      6 /3  0,3 /3
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 4.5    蠠 
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      Ҡ 12.1.005.
 4.6      
       
12.4.041,      12.4.013,  
  12.4.103,      㳺.
 4.7.  , '    ,
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 5  
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.  ,  ࠠ 蠠 ,
 - 11 -
   .2.7-43-96
 , , , ,
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,  ,     
       .
 5.5      7473.
 6  
 6.1 ̳        -
    Ҡ 10180, Ҡ 18105, Ҡ 28570,
      17624, Ҡ 22690,
 22783.
 6.2      10060  
26134,  -   12730.5.
 6.3        -
,        
 :
 -  󠠠 -   12730.1;
 -  -   12730.2;
 -  -   12730.3;
 -   -   12730.4;
 -    -  Ҡ 13087;
 -  ,     -
 ࠠ -   24452;
 -   
 򳠠 -   24544;
 -  -   245.45;
 -  -   24316.
 6.4       10181.0 - 
10181.4.
 6.5      ,
    ,  
   356.
 6.6       -
   8269,   -   8735, 
      -   26193.
 6.7       24211,  -
 -   23732.
 6.8        -
       Ҡ 12.1.014.
 6.9        
       
 12.1.014.
 - 12 -
   .2.7-43-96
       ʠ 
 ( ' )
    
        
  .1
-------------------------------------------------------------------
|   |  | ࠠ |³ -|
|  |  |  |  |
| |(R),/2 |   |  - |
| | | | 蠠 |
| | | |, % |
| | | | R - 젠 |
| | | |---------  100 |
| | | | 젠 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|     ꠠ |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 3,5 | 45,8 | 50 | - 8,3 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 5 | 65,5 | 75 | -12,7 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 7,5 | 98,2 | 100 | - 1,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 10 | 131,0 | 150 | - 12,7 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 12,5 | 163,7 | 150 | + 9,1 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 15 | 196,5 | 200 | - 1,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 20 | 261,9 | 250 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 25 | 327,4 | 300 | + 9,1 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 25 | 327,4 | 350 | - 6,4 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 30 | 392,9 | 400 | - 1,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 35 | 458,4 | 450 | + 1,9 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 40 | 523,9 | 500 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 45 | 589,4 | 600 | - 1,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 50 | 654,8 | 700 | - 6,4 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 55 | 720,3 | 700 | + 2,9 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 60 | 785,8 | 800 | - 1,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 65 | 851,5 | 900 | - 5,4 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 70 | 917,0 | 900 | + 1,9 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 75 | 982,5 | 1000 | - 1,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 80 | 1048,0 | 1000 | + 4,8 |
-------------------------------------------------------------------
 - 13 -
   .2.7-43-96
  .1 ()
-------------------------------------------------------------------
|   |  | ࠠ |³ -|
|  |  |  |  |
| |(R),/2 |   |  - |
| | | | 蠠 |
| | | |, % |
| | | | R - 젠 |
| | | |---------  100 |
| | | | 젠 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|  㠠 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 0,4 | 5,2 | t5 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 0,8 | 10,5 | t10 | + 5,0 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 1,2 | 15,7 | t15 | + 4,7 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 1,6 | 21,0 | t20 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 2,0 | 26,2 | t25 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 2,4 | 31,4 | t30 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 2,8 | 36,7 | t35 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 3,2 | 41,9 | t40 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 3,6 | 47,2 | t45 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 4,0 | 52,4 | t50 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|                |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 0,4 | 5 | t5 | 0,0 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 0,8 | 10,5 | t10 | + 5,0 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 1,2 | 15,7 | t15 | + 4,6 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 1,6 | 20,9 | t20 | + 4,5 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 2,0 | 26,2 | t25 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 2,4 | 31,4 | t30 | + 4,7 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 2,8 | 36,7 | t35 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 3,2 | 41,9 | t40 | + 4,7 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 3,6 | 47,2 | t45 | + 4,9 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 4,0 | 52,4 | t50 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 4,4 | 57,6 | t60 | - 4,0 |
-------------------------------------------------------------------
 - 14 -
   .2.7-43-96
  .1 ()
-------------------------------------------------------------------
|   |  | ࠠ |³ -|
|  |  |  |  |
| |(R),/2 |   |  - |
| | | | 蠠 |
| | | |, % |
| | | | R - 젠 |
| | | |---------  100 |
| | | | 젠 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 4,8 | 62,9 | t65 | - 3,2 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 5,2 | 68,1 | t70 | - 2,7 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 5,6 | 73,4 | t75 | - 2,1 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 6,0 | 78,6 | t80 | - 1,7 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 6,4 | 83,8 | t85 | - 1,4 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 6,8 | 89,1 | t90 | - 1,0 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 7.2 | 94,3 | t90 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 8,0 | 104,8 | t100 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|. -   ,   蠠 |
|     13,5%,   95% |
|   .     蠠 |
| ,    ,|
| ( )       |
| |
|   |
| R = ------------------------- |
| 0,0980665(1 - 1,64 x V) |
| |
|堠   -      ; |
| 0,0980665 -      /2; |
| V -      |
| . |
-------------------------------------------------------------------
 - 15 -
   .2.7-43-96
  
 ( )
     
     
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:     (, ,
  ),  (,   ), 
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   .2.7-43-96
  
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 1.2         
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-------------------------------------------------------------------
| |    ࠠ |
|   | ,  堠 |
| |--------------------------------------------|
| |  |  ࠠ |
| |-----------------------------|  砠 |
| |   |   |  |
| |  - | 䠠 | |
| |   | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|  | | | |
|   - | | | |
| ⠠ | 1200 | 800 | 8 |
|㠠 | | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|  - | | | |
|   | 800 | 600 | 12 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| | | | |
| - | 800 | 300 | 16 |
| 㠠 | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------
 1.4   ,    ,   
 .1,        
  8267       .2.
 - 17 -
   .2.7-43-96
  .2
-------------------------------------------------------------------
| |       |
|   |  堠 |
| |--------------------------------------------|
| |  | , |
| |-----------------------------|  砠 |
| |   |   |  |
| | 䠠 | 䠠 | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|  | | | |
|   - | | | |
| ⠠ | G - 1 | G -  | G -  |
|㠠 | | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|  - | | | |
|   | G -  | G -  | G -  |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| | | | |
| - | G -  | G - V | G - V |
| 㠠 | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------
 1.5      
()         -
        -
 25 %  .
 1.6        
,    ..
  .
-------------------------------------------------------------------
| |       |
|   |  ,     |
| |    |
| |   |
| |--------------------------------------------|
| | 0   5 .|  5 .|
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|  | | |
|   - | | |
| ⠠ | F 50 | F 100 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|  - | | |
|   | F 25 | F 50 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| | | |
| - | | |
| 㠠 | F 15 | F 25 |
-------------------------------------------------------------------
 1.7 ϳ        
        
          
   .4.
 - 18 -
   .2.7-43-96
  .4
-------------------------------------------------------------------
| |      |
|   |  ,    ꠠ |
| |--------------------------------------------|
| |  | ࠠ | |
| | 蠠 | | 頠 |
| | | 蠠 | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|  | | | |
|   - | | | |
| ⠠ | 800 | 800 | 8 |
|㠠 | | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|  - | | | |
|  ࠠ | | | |
| 㠠 | | | 16 |
-------------------------------------------------------------------
 2.     
 2.1         
     ,   ,
 1 -    䠠 , 
     , 
 ,  ,   , 
 '  ,  ;
 2 -        -
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 .
 2.2      
()       , 
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 2.3    ,   
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  1000     ,   800 
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   8 -       25 .
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   20%       , 
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 2.4      
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     1000,      
8.
 2.5        ⳿  
 5%      , -
          
.
 2.6      :
 -       F 200  -
 ;
 - ,    .
 - 19 -
   .2.7-43-96
 2.7        -
       ,  -
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2 %  .
 3.     
 3.1      -
     :
 -  120  150 ;
 -  150 ,     
    .
 3.2        -
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  :
 1 -       
  ;
 2 -     .
 3.3    ,   
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    .
 3.4          600
     15  , 800 -   
   20   , 1200 -    
  .
           12 
    15  , 8 -    
 20  .
 3.5    ,    -
  ,  ,  -
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         8 
       
    3.4.2  .
 3.6        
        -
   2,5 /3    , :
 0,5 -       ;
 1,0 -    .
   ,   
       2,3 /3  -
  , :
 0,8 -       ;
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F 300          
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  1997
   .2.7-43-96
 
 1 
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 2 
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 3     
      
    N 157  2.09.96 .
 4  
       
    26633-91
        
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   .2.7-43-96
 
 .
1   ......................................... 1
2  .......................................... 1
3  ...................................... 4
 3.1   .................................... 4
 3.2    ............................ 5
 3.3    ......................... 6
 3.4   ............................... 7
4      .......... 10
5  ............................................ 11
6  ............................................ 11
 
      
      ........................... 13
 
       
    ............................................... 15
 
      ,
     .......... 16
   .2.7-43-96
   
 ===================================================
  
  i
  
  
  
  
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==================================================================
   1997-01-01
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3.3.1, 3.3.2, 3.3.3, 3.3.4, 3.4.1, 3.4.2, 3.4.3, 3.4.5,3.4.6,
3.4.7, 3.4.8, 3.4.9, 3.4.10, 3.4.11, 3.4.12, 3.4.14, 3.6, 3.7, -
 4,       .
------------------------------------------------------------------
 
 - 2 -
   .2.7-43-96
 2  
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 12.1.005-88 | .  -
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 12.1.014-84 | .   .  
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 12.2.003-91 | .  . 
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 10178-85 |   
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 10181.2-81 |  .  
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 10181.4-81 |  .  
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 22266-76 |  . 
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   .2.7-43-96
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   .2.7-43-96
 3893-78 |   
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 3  
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 3.1.1        
25192     3893.
 3.1.2     :
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 3.1.5  ,     -
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| | | | | |
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| | - | 150 | 170 | 180 |
| -|頠 | | | |
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| | - | | | |
| | - | 200 | 220 | 240 |
| | | | | |
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| | - | 220 | 240 | 270 |
| - |頠 | | | |
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| | - | 240 | 270 | 300 |
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-------------------------------------------------------------------
 - 7 -
   .2.7-43-96
  1 ()
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 3.3    
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||     , % |
| |------------------------------------------------------|
|-| 5(3)  | . 10 |. 20 |. 40 | . 80 |
|, 젠 | 10 젠 |  20  | 40  | 80  | 120  |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 10 | 100 | - | - | - | - |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 20 | 25-40 | 60-76 | - | - | - |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 40 | 12-25 | 20-35 | 40-65 | - | - |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 80 | 10-20 | 15-25 | 20-35 | 35-55 | - |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 120 | 5-10 | 10-20 | 15-25 | 20-30 | 30-40 |
-------------------------------------------------------------------
 3.4.6        
   ,       
      1 %  .
         
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;  20   - 3 %  .    -
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 3.4.7    ()  
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   .2.7-43-96
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 6.4       10181.0 - 
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 - 12 -
   .2.7-43-96
  
 ()
    
        
  .1
-------------------------------------------------------------------
|c ࠠ |  |  | -|
| 蠠 |  |  | 蠠 |
| |(R),/2 |  |  -|
| | | |  -|
| | | |, % |
| | | | R - 젠 |
| | | | --------- x 100|
| | | | 젠 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|      堠 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 3,5 | 45,8 | 50 | - 8,3 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 5 | 65,5 | 75 | -12,7 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 7,5 | 98,2 | 100 | - 1,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 10 | 131,0 | 150 | - 12,7 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 12,5 | 163,7 | 150 | + 9,1 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 15 | 196,5 | 200 | - 1,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 20 | 261,9 | 250 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 25 | 327,4 | 300 | + 9,1 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 25 | 327,4 | 350 | - 6,4 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 30 | 392,9 | 400 | - 1,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 35 | 458,4 | 450 | + 1,9 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 40 | 523,9 | 500 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 45 | 589,4 | 600 | - 1,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 50 | 654,8 | 700 | - 6,4 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 55 | 720,3 | 700 | + 2,9 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 60 | 785,8 | 800 | - 1,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 65 | 851,5 | 900 | - 5,4 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 70 | 917,0 | 900 | + 1,9 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 75 | 982,5 | 1000 | - 1,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 80 | 1048,0 | 1000 | + 4,8 |
-------------------------------------------------------------------
 - 13 -
   .2.7-43-96
  .1 ()
-------------------------------------------------------------------
|c ࠠ |  |  | -|
| 蠠 |  |  | 蠠 |
| |(R),/2 |  |  -|
| | | |  -|
| | | |, % |
| | | | R - 젠 |
| | | | --------- x 100|
| | | | 젠 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|  堠 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 0,4 | 5,2 | t5 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 0,8 | 10,5 | t10 | + 5,0 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 1,2 | 15,7 | t15 | + 4,7 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 1,6 | 21,0 | t20 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 2,0 | 26,2 | t25 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 2,4 | 31,4 | t30 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 2,8 | 36,7 | t35 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 3,2 | 41,9 | t40 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 3,6 | 47,2 | t45 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 4,0 | 52,4 | t50 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|                   堠 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 0,4 | 5 | t5 | 0,0 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 0,8 | 10,5 | t10 | + 5,0 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 1,2 | 15,7 | t15 | + 4,6 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 1,6 | 20,9 | t20 | + 4,5 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 2,0 | 26,2 | t25 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 2,4 | 31,4 | t30 | + 4,7 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 2,8 | 36,7 | t35 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 3,2 | 41,9 | t40 | + 4,7 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 3,6 | 47,2 | t45 | + 4,9 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 4,0 | 52,4 | t50 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 4,4 | 57,6 | t60 | - 4,0 |
-------------------------------------------------------------------
 - 14 -
   .2.7-43-96
  .1 ()
-------------------------------------------------------------------
|c ࠠ |  |  | -|
| 蠠 |  |  | 蠠 |
| |(R),/2 |  |  -|
| | | |  -|
| | | |, % |
| | | | R - 젠 |
| | | | --------- x 100|
| | | | 젠 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 4,8 | 62,9 | t65 | - 3,2 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 5,2 | 68,1 | t70 | - 2,7 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 5,6 | 73,4 | t75 | - 2,1 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 6,0 | 78,6 | t80 | - 1,7 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 6,4 | 83,8 | t85 | - 1,4 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 6,8 | 89,1 | t90 | - 1,0 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 7.2 | 94,3 | t90 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| t 8,0 | 104,8 | t100 | + 4,8 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|. R -   ,  ࠠ |
|   V,  13,5%,   95% |
|   .     蠠 |
| ,   ,  |
| ( )      |
|堠 |
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| 0,0980665(1 - 1,64  V) |
| |
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|  . |
-------------------------------------------------------------------
 - 15 -
   .2.7-43-96
  
 ()
     
     
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   .2.7-43-96
  
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| | | | |
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|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|  -| | | |
| 頠 | 800 | 600 | 12 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| -| | | |
| -| 800 | 300 | 16 |
| 頠 | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------
 1.4   ,    ,  
 .1,        -
   8267      .2.
 - 17 -
   .2.7-43-96
  .2
-------------------------------------------------------------------
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 1.5      
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| | | |
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|㠠 | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|  | | |
|   | F25 | F50 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| -| | |
| -| | |
|   | F15 | F25 |
-------------------------------------------------------------------
 1.7         
        
         
 ,    .4.
 - 18 -
   .2.7-43-96
  .4
-------------------------------------------------------------------
| |       |
|   |  ,    ꠠ |
| |--------------------------------------------|
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| |  |- | 頠 |
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| - | | | |
|    | | | |
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|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|  - | | | |
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|頠 | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------
 2     
 2.1         -
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  .
 2.2      
()       ,
 ,  ,      
 25 %  .
 2.3    ,    -
  ,    
 ,      
  1000     ,   800 
     ,     -
    8 -      25 -
.
 ,      
   20 %        ,
     ,  
      .
 2.4       -
       1200,  
     1000       -
 8.
 2.5          
 5 %      , -
     ,    
 .
 2.6      :
 -       F200 
 ;
 -  ,   .
 - 19 -
   .2.7-43-96
 2.7       
       , -
     ,   -
 2 %  .
 3     
 3.1     
     :
 -  120  150 ;
 - . 150 ,     
   .
 3.2      -
     ,        -
 ,   :
 1 -         ;
 2 -     .
 3.3    ,  
   ,     
     .
 3.4          600
     15  , 800 -   -
    20   , 1200 -   
  .
           12 
    15  , 8 -    
 20  .
 3.5    ,   -
   ,  ,
        
1000.        8 
       
   .3.4.2  .
 3.6      
         -
    2,5 /3    , -
%:
 0,5 -      ;
 1,0 - " " "  .
   ,     
     2,3 /3    ,
:
 0,8 -       ;
 2,0 - " " "  .
 3.7       -
         
 8267  :
 G- I -       ;
 G-II - " " "  ,  
     .
 3.8          -
       
  5 %  .
 - 20 -
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 3.9       -
         .5.
  .5
-------------------------------------------------------------------
   | | |
   |     10 |   10 |
 , .Ѡ | | |
------------------------------------------------------------------|
  | | |
    | F 100 | F 200 |
-------------------------------------------------------------------
       -
 F       
       
    .
 3.10      -
      1,5  3,5 (  
    2,5   0  30 %, 1,25  -  5
 55 %, 0,63  -  20  75 %, 0,315  -  40  90%  
0,14 -  85  100 %).      ,
   2,0,     -
 - .
 3.11       -
       ,  
:
 2 -      ;
 3 - " "  ;
 5 - " "    .
      
         -
.
 3.12        -
    ,   :
 1 -      ;
 2 - " "  ;
 3 - " "    .
 4       
 4.1        -
        
 1%  .
 4.2    ()   -
         -
     25 %  .
 4.3       
         1000 
      8.     -
       800,    -
  -   600,      -
   12.
 4.4         -
 ,   :
 2 -    ;
 3 - " "    .
 - 21 -
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 4.5         
,       ,
         
  600.       -
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